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learnedly read, too; in part, of intellectual rigor
Posted Wednesaday, August 24, 2011
Second-largest U.S. Indian tribe expels slave descendants
OKLAHOMA CITY (Reuters) - The nation's second-largest Indian tribe formally
booted from membership thousands of descendants of black slaves who were brought
to Oklahoma more than 170 years ago by Native American owners.
The Cherokee nation voted after the Civil War to admit the slave descendants to
But on Monday, the Cherokee nation Supreme Court ruled that a 2007 tribal
decision to kick the so-called "Freedmen" out of the tribe was proper.
The controversy stems from a footnote in the brutal history of U.S. treatment of
Native Americans. When many Indians were forced to move to what later became
Oklahoma from the eastern U.S. in 1838, some who had owned plantations in the
South brought along their slaves.
Some 4,000 Indians died during the forced march, which became known as the
"Trail of Tears."
"And our ancestors carried the baggage," said Marilyn Vann, the Freedman leader
who is a plaintiff in the legal battle.
Officially, there are about 2,800 Freedmen, but another 3,500 have tribal
membership applications pending, and there could be as many as 25,000 eligible
to enter the tribe, according to Vann.
The tribal court decision was announced one day before absentee ballots were to
be mailed in the election of the Cherokee Principal Chief.
"This is racism and apartheid in the 21st Century," said Vann, an engineer who
lives in Oklahoma City.
Spokesmen for the tribe did not respond when asked to comment.
The move to exclude the Freedmen has rankled some African American members of
Congress, which has jurisdiction over all Native American tribes in the country.
A lawsuit challenging the Freedman's removal from the tribe has been pending in
federal court in Washington, for about six years.
As a sovereign nation, Cherokee Nation officials maintain that the tribe has the
right to amend its constitutional membership requirements.
Removal from the membership rolls means the Freedmen will no longer be eligible
for free health care and other benefits such as education concessions.
(Editing by Cynthia Johnston and Greg McCune)
Copyright Thomson Reuters 2011
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