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Posted Friday, October 15, 2010
ATLANTA - U.S. Hispanics can expect to outlive whites by more than two years and
blacks by more than seven, government researchers say in a startling report that
is the first to calculate Hispanic life expectancy in this country.
|In US, Hispanics outlive
whites, blacks by years
|By Mike Stobbe,
|AP Medical Writer
The report released Wednesday is the strongest evidence yet of what some experts
call the "Hispanic paradox" - longevity for a population with a large share of
poor, undereducated members. A leading theory is that Hispanics who manage to
immigrate to the U.S. are among the healthiest from their countries.
A Hispanic born in 2006 could expect to live about 80 years and seven months,
the government estimates. Life expectancy for a white is about 78, and for a
black, just shy of 73 years.
Researchers have seen signs of Hispanic longevity for years. But until recently,
the government didn't calculate life expectancy for Hispanics as a separate
group; they were included among the black and white populations. The new report
projecting future life spans is based on death certificates from 2006.
By breaking out the longer-living Hispanics, the life expectancies for
non-Hispanic whites and blacks both declined slightly, said the report's author,
Elizabeth Arias of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
the largest, fastest growing minority in the United States, accounting for 15
percent of the population.
An estimated 40 percent of them are immigrants, who
in some cases arrived after arduous journeys to do taxing manual labor. It takes
a fit person to accomplish that, suggesting that the United States is gaining
some of the healthiest people born in Mexico and other countries, said Dr. Peter Muennig of Columbia University's school of public health who has studied life
expectancy in different countries.
Compared to the estimate for all U.S.
Hispanics, life expectancy is nearly two years lower in Puerto Rico, more than
two years lower in Cuba, and more than four years lower in Mexico, according to
World Health Organization figures. However, experts say that immigrant hardiness
diminishes within a couple of generations of living here. Many believe it's
because the children of immigrants take up smoking, fast-food diets and other
habits blamed for wrecking the health of other ethnic populations.
lifestyle is very sedentary. That's not a good thing," said Jane Delgado,
president of the National Alliance for Hispanic Health, which focuses on
improving health services for Hispanics.
Health researchers have seen a strong
link between poverty, lack of education and life-shortening health problems.
Hispanics are disadvantaged in those areas: About 19 percent of Hispanics live
at or below the federal poverty level - three times more than whites. As for
education, fewer than 13 percent of Hispanics have a college degree, compared to
17 percent of blacks and 30 percent of whites.
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Map snapshotIndeed, past CDC
studies have shown that Hispanics suffer some diseases at higher rates than
whites, including diabetes and heart disease. But their death rates from those
diseases were lower, not higher.
As early as 1986, some researchers had been
reporting what appeared to be lower death rates among Hispanics compared to
other groups in some parts of the country. But a national estimate was
Calculating life expectancy is a tough task that requires analyzing
extensive information about how people died and how old they were, as well as
statistical modeling to predict how long people born today will live if current
Until fairly recently, there was significant uncertainty about
the accuracy of death records for Hispanics. Most health records only had data
on blacks and whites. U.S. death certificates didn't provide for a way to
identify someone as Hispanic until 1989.
Arias' new report suggests that the
life expectancy for non-Hispanic blacks and whites is lower by a couple of
months than was previously estimated. Specifically, life expectancy for whites
born in 2006 is now 78 years and 1 month and for black, 72 years and 11 months.
There are limitations to the report. For example, it could not completely
account for all Hispanics who move back to their countries of origin to die.
Even so, "CDC is the ultimate authority on life expectancy" in the United
States, said Muennig, the Columbia expert.
Delgado, of the Hispanic Alliance,
said one thing the report should do is erase any lingering belief that whites
are the longest-living group of Americans.
___ Online: CDC report:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs (This version CORRECTS that report based on 2006 death
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