Posted August 23, 2011                                   

A transsexual  wedding in Cuba
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The wife in those pictures became a female after she was operated on. The man, in white, is now her husband after they said "I do" recently during a wedding ceremony in Cuba's Castros. (AP Photos, via El Planeta)
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The happy couple: Wendy Iriepa and Ignacio Estrada.

The happy couple: Wendy Iriepa and Ignacio Estrada.    (Source: Javier Galeano/AP Photo )

A gay man and a transgender woman whose sex-change operation was paid for by the state tied the knot Saturday, Aug. 13 in a first-of-its-kind wedding for Cuba, a sign of how much the country’s attitude toward sexuality has changed since LGBT people suffered persecution in the early years after the revolution.

Bride Wendy Iriepa, 37, arrived at a Havana wedding hall in the afternoon in a vintage Ford convertible and a full white wedding gown, flowers in her hair and holding a rainbow flag. Neighborhood residents came out of their homes to gawk at the wedding party and the journalists mobbing the car.

"This is the first wedding between a transsexual woman and a gay man," said the 31-year-old groom, Ignacio Estrada. "We celebrate it at the top of our voices and affirm that this is a step forward for the gay community in Cuba."

Inside, a public notary joined them in a brief civil ceremony and the newlyweds kissed to cheers from friends and family.

Same-sex marriage is not legal in Cuba and Saturday’s wedding does nothing to change that since Iriepa is a woman in the eyes of the law.

Iriepa had sex-change surgery in 2007 as part of a pilot program that began in earnest the following year and made gender-reassignment procedures part of the island’s universal health care system. One other transgender woman married many years ago, but Iriepa is the first to do so under the new policy.

In the early years after Fidel Castro’s 1959 revolution, homosexuality was considered highly suspect along with other "alternative" forms of expression, such as U.S. fashion trends and rock and roll.

Many LGBT people were fired from government jobs, jailed, sent to work camps or left for exile. That climate of persecution was famously chronicled by exiled writer Reinaldo Arenas’ autobiographical Before Night Falls, later a feature film starring Javier Bardem.

Today, even if deep-seated macho attitudes toward homosexuality have not entirely disappeared, the island and its government are much more tolerant.

The country’s most prominent LGBT rights activist is Mariela Castro, Fidel Castro’s niece and President Raul Castro’s daughter. She heads the National Sex Education Center and is firmly established in Cuban officialdom.

At an equality event Friday, she spoke of her institution’s work, including anti-homophobia campaigns and pushing the state to cover the sex change operations. Castro is also lobbying for same-sex unions, though no law has yet been passed.

"One of our accomplishments has made it possible for Wendy to get married," she said. "It seems she found the love of her life and we wish her many congratulations, because all of our work has been for this, the well-being and happiness of our sisters."

"It seems she found the love of her life and we wish her many congratulations, because all of our work has been for this, the well-being and happiness of our sisters."

Like so many things in Cuba, Saturday’s nuptials have been politicized and Castro’s congratulatory words belied divisions that have taken hold within the gay movement.

Some have accused her of monopolizing the cause and struck out on their own, organizing a separate, smaller pride march this year and coming to be labeled members of a "dissident" gay community.

Estrada was part of that march, and Iriepa has parted ways with her job at the Sex Education Center, reportedly after Mariela Castro questioned the relationship.

Soon after, Estrada and Iriepa announced their upcoming wedding and said political dissident blogger Yoani Sanchez, whose writings about daily life have earned her both international fame and harsh condemnation from the government, would be maid of honor.

"How positive! Cuba now shows itself to be a kaleidoscope of ideas. ...The only thing missing is for them not to be repressed," Sanchez said via Twitter.

Leaders of the Ladies in White dissident group also attended.

Estrada, in recent comments to U.S.-based Radio Marti, called the marriage a "birthday present to Fidel Castro to remind him of the atrocities he committed against the Cuban gay community, above all in the 1960s."

Fidel Castro, who turned 85 on Saturday, has expressed regret in recent years over the treatment of LGBT Cubans during that period, saying it was a mistake.

Mariela Castro said she was not invited to the wedding and accused rivals in the gay community of taking democracy-building money from Washington.

"U.S. government funds exist here to create LGBT groups that oppose the position of the National Sex Education Center," she alleged.

U.S. officials have spoken of retargeting funds to Afro-Cuban and LGBT groups, though it is not clear whether any such financial support has begun.

"I think this has been politicized by the Cuban government. I have not wanted to make this into a circus or something really political," said Iriepa, who thanked Mariela Castro for wishing them well. "It is the happiest day of my life."

The couple celebrated after the wedding at a party space next door and planned to honeymoon in an undisclosed location for a bit of privacy, Estrada said.

Copyright The Associated Press, the scholarly journal of democracy and human rights
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